Anemia is a health condition characterized by low levels of hemoglobin (Hb). This diagnosis is made through routine blood tests and hemoglobin levels below 14 mg / dL in adult men, 12 mg / dL in adult women, and 11 mg / dL in children under 14 years of age.
Hemoglobin itself is a component of red blood cells composed of proteins and functions to bind oxygen to be used in various organs of the body. If someone is anemic and has a low hemoglobin level, the oxygen demand cannot be channeled properly so that the body’s function also decreases. According to the 2013 Basic Health Research, anemia most often affects children and women of all ages, especially those who are pregnant.
Causes and ways to overcome anemia
When anemic is diagnosed, the doctor will usually look for causes of low Hb levels. This action is needed to determine the most appropriate way to handle it.
Broadly speaking, here are the causes of anemia along with the best ways to deal with it:
When the body expels and loses a lot of blood, important components including hemoglobin will decrease. This situation increases the risk of anemia.
The causes of blood loss can vary. One example is a wound in the digestive tract, such as the intestine, or anus, causing bowel movements or vomiting blood.
In addition, the consumption of anti-inflammatory drugs or pain medication that is not as recommended can also hurt the stomach, causing injury and bleeding in the digestive tract.
To overcome anemia due to blood loss, one way you can do is get a blood transfusion. This is important, especially if the Hb level is below 6 mg / dL.
Decreased red blood cell production
Reduction in the number and function of red blood cells can cause anemia. This condition is caused by a body that is deficient in iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid; also due to bone marrow abnormalities and chronic diseases such as cancer, kidney and liver failure.
In cases of anemia due to lack of iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid, the best way to overcome them is to try to meet the nutritional needs of each day. For this, you can eat healthy and nutritiously balanced foods, some of which consist of red meat, liver and spinach. In addition, you can also take supplements according to doctor’s recommendations.
However, if anemia is caused by a bone marrow abnormality, the best way to overcome it is to get a bone marrow transplant. As for anemia due to chronic disease, this condition can be overcome by treating the disease and getting a blood transfusion.
Increased destruction of red blood cells
If many red blood cells in the body are destroyed, the hemoglobin content in them will also decrease. Congenital conditions, such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia are some of the things that are behind this condition.
In this case, anemia can be managed by getting a blood transfusion or a bone marrow transplant.
Basically, the best way to deal with anemia is to treat the main cause. Therefore, if you experience signs and symptoms of anemia, you should immediately see a doctor in order to get further tests. Once the main cause is known, your doctor can determine the type of treatment that is most appropriate for your anemia.